BEING AN ENTREPRENEURIAL UNIVERSITY lessons learnt from

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BEING AN ENTREPRENEURIAL UNIVERSITY lessons learnt from
BEING AN ENTREPRENEURIAL
UNIVERSITY
lessons learnt from Malaysia
SAHOL HAMID ABU BAKAR
Vice Chancellor
Universiti Teknologi MARA
Malaysia
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• Sharing my hopes, dreams and plans
about the problems and challenges of
higher education in a developing country
like Malaysia.
• Nobody is Perfect but Everyone is
Perfectable
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I shall be sharing in full appreciation of the following factors:
1. cultural differences between the West and the East
2. disparity between developed and developing countries
3. differences between the rich and the poor
• Looking beyond red bricks and mortar boards – we have
different roles in building national economies and capacity
building
• These lead to different approaches in managing universities
3
• UiTM which I have the privilege of
helming is Malaysia’s largest institution
of tertiary education
• 200,000 students, 10,000 faculty
members, 9000 support staff, 40
campuses throughout the nation
• Need a huge budget
• No tuition fees
• Catering for the bottom millions
• It has played a pivotal role in meeting
the nation’s manpower needs
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• A large portion of excellent students
based on national exams apply to
study at UiTM and they are chosen
based on merit
• 250K apply for 373 academic
programmes offered but only 25K are
admitted in a year (only about 10%)
• These students form the core group of
our student population
• Recent survey showed that 80% came
from well to do families and from
selected boarding schools
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• But what about the poor and the under
privileged?
• We also mold the low achievers from poor
families to become successful
• We have trained about 20,000 from this group
since 2010
• 85% have been successful in their pre-diploma
programmes and now they are joining the
main stream diploma students
• Our alumni have been supporting this
programme financially
• The Prime Minister is the patron
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GRADUATE EMPLOYABILITY - CHALLENGES
SOME RECENT FACTS AND FIGURES:
•
About 76,200 graduates are still unemployed in spite of
Malaysia maintaining a very low unemployment rate
•
Every year 180,000 new graduates enter the job market
•
In 2013, 72% of UiTM recent graduates (6 months after
completion of study) claimed that they had some form
of jobs and the rest of them have become
entrepreneurs
•
Private sector recorded job vacancy in June 2013
dropped 35.7 % to 107,796 compared to 167,968
vacancies at the same time last year
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GRADUATE EMPLOYABILTY IS THE NUMBER
ONE KPI FOR THE VICE CHANCELLOR
Huge responsibility that requires a revamp of
curriculum and policies, vision and mission
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Challenges in managing a university
• Universities are complex social organization with
distinctive cultures
• Handling stakeholders
• Securing budgets
• Handling academic staff
• Handling administrative staff
• Managing infrastructure
• Handling students
• Dealing with the public
• Safety & security issues
• Focusing on social responsibility
• Engaging the alumni
• Linking with the industry
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Challenges in managing a university
…cont
• Research
• Publication
• Ranking
• Internationalization
• Promotions
• Innovations – curriculum, etc.
• Communications
• Politics
• Managing Perceptions
• Quantity vs Quality
• Influence of the new media
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HOW DO WE MANAGE?
• Distributed leadership/delegate
•Putting the right people in the right place
•In every decision put the University first
•As the CEO do not get involved with or chair the tender
board
•Manage office politics and external politics
systematically
•Manage and engage the students. Reach out to the
grassroots
•Create a happy working environment for academic and
administrative staff
•Communicate, communicate and communicate
through facebook, teleconferencing, etc.
•Develop strong sixth sense. Use psywar
•Do not listen to the so called advisors
•Need to have good and loyal support staff
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New Tag Line
WE CREATE EMPLOYERS
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With the new strategies
University was declared
MOST ENTREPRENEURIAL
UNIVERSITY
for
TWO YEARS IN A ROW
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STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION
Providing conducive ecosystem for entrepreneurship
agenda
1. Establishing MASMED
2. Setting up of entrepreneurship centres at branch
campuses
3. Developing academic programmes
4. Organising acculturation programmes
5. Creating programmes for nascent entrepreneurs
6. Recognising staff involvement in innovation &
entrepreneurship activities
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STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION
Providing conducive ecosystem for entrepreneurship
agenda
…cont
7. Encouraging innovations
8. Developing new pedagogical initiatives to
encourage higher degree of learner autonomy &
produce more entrepreneurial graduates
9. Introducing new initiatives & procedures on cost
reduction and income generation to support new
activities & lessen dependency on public funds
10. Promoting social entrepreneurship & encouraging
spirit of volunteerism among staff & students
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STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION
Providing conducive ecosystem for entrepreneurship
agenda
…cont
11. Introducing a flagship social programme for
uplifting the social mobility of the most underprivileged segment of the society (MDAB)
12. Establishing RIBU to manage intellectual property
& facilitate commercialisation of research findings
13. Building the UiTM-MTDC technopreneur
incubation centre to spearhead commercialisation
efforts
14. Establishing an innovation academy to nurture
creativity & innovative thinking among
postgraduate students
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CHALLENGES
1. Size of UiTM & the mix of courses offered
2. Diverse quality & background of students
3. Measurement & evaluation
4. Teaching & learning strategies
5. Maintaining full support & services
6. Provision for coordinated university-wide
entrepreneurship education policy
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RECENT ACHIEVEMENTS
THE FIRST WINNER OF ENTREPRENEURIAL
UNIVERSITY OF THE YEAR 2012
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ENTREPRENEURIAL UNIVERSITY OF THE YEAR 2013
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UiTM GRADUATES EMPLOYMENT
BY SECTOR
• Only 20% of UiTM graduates joined government
sector in 2012. A sizeable portion of these
graduates are from Faculty of Education,
Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Pharmacy, and
Faculty of Dentistry, which, by statute is
required to work with the government
• Majority – private sectors
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GRADUATES EMPLOYABILITY and UITM
RECENT GRADUATE EMPLOYMENT PERFORMANCE
Some Recent Facts and Figures in Malaysia:
•Unemployment rate (Dec 2012) : 3.3 percent
•76,200 graduates are still unemployed
•180,000 new graduates enter the job market yearly
•Job vacancy in June 2013 dropped 35.7 % to 107,796
compared to 167,968 vacancies at the same time last year
•UITM RECENT GRADUATE EMPLOYMENT PERFORMANCE
•In 2013, more than 70% of UiTM recent graduates are
employed (6 months after completion of study)
• (1.9 % of them declared to be self-employed).
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Thank You
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