Know the contents - Miami Virtual School

Transcription

Know the contents - Miami Virtual School
1°
Unit two
1
The fable
2
Fable "the child and the teacher '
4
The myth
5
The Legend
6
Article
8
Concordance between the article and the noun
9
The adjective, genre and number
10
Poems and couplets
11
Couplets
12
Simple and Compound Words
14
Narrating an anecdote
15
The comma
16
The fax
17
Content
Know the contents
Application Guide
Unit two
Know the contents
The Gimnasio Virtual San Francisco Javier, presented through textbooks for elementary education and the
sequence program of Spanish language content, enriched with several videos and additional topics.
With this text handling you acquire attitudes, skills, abilities and ideas that allow you to expand your
worldview.
Your content are grouped into four units containing four sessions of topics and subtopics of several pages.
Each topic begins with a title, a series of questions, whose purpose is to arouse your interest in the contents,
you can use the questions at the end of a topic to find your learning.
Find images related to the concepts and themes, videos, diagrams, concept maps with didactic sense.
The virtualitos will help you travel through this adventure of knowledge.
When you find this icon you will know
that there are many unanswered
questions, which you can use at the
end of a topic to find what you have
learned.
When you find this icon you will have
to perform the activities for each
topic or subtopic.
Art is part of your activities, giving a
personal touch when you go to color.
Now you are the artist!
Virtualito invites you to learn more
about the topic, research new things.
It is interesting to know!
Did you know that….?
Find fun facts that invite you to learn about
other related topics.
1
Unit two
The fable
The characters in fables convey feelings and talk like
humans. Personification is widely used in fables.
The fable is a narration that leaves us a lesson
or moral. His characters are animals or things
that talk and think like humans.
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Unit two
Fables and apologists, since before the Middle Ages, have been reported with moral and
didactic intentions, with maximum and advice, and although they are narratives, may be
in prose or verse.
Many of them have at the end, a moral exemplary. In others, teaching is unwritten but
explicit.
This fiction short and precise taught in an entertaining and moralizing, and many modern
and contemporary authors have taken this genre to delight readers giblets.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0kobHrqzlnA
Jean de la Fontaine (1621-1695).
It is believed he was born on July 8, 1621, Château-Thierry,
and studied at the University of Reims.
This produced a French writer most famous fables of
modern times. It was a literary salons frequented the
courts between nobles, and from there I always had a
patron who allowed his dedication to literature. He was a
lawyer and practiced his profession, while composing his
poetry.
His main published work was an adaptation (1654) of
Eunuch, the Roman playwright Terence, but his true
literary fame got it especially with their tales and stories in
verse (1644). La Fontaine died on April 13, 1695 in Paris.
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Unit two
The child and teacher
In this fable vain attempt to demonstrate
presumption of a fool:
When I was playing on the banks of the
Seine, a child fell into the water, but by
divine grace was there a willow tree whose
branches are saved with the small. Passed
by a teacher of little understanding, and
the infant cried
- Help I'm drowning!
Given these cries, the teacher turned,
and recklessly and out of state, began
to preach to the infant:
- Look how naughty, where he has led his madness!
Spend your hours watching this kind of offspring!
Parents Woe, woe to them at all times ensuring this unwieldy mob! How should suffer,
and how sorry your destination!
After this talk, He take the child from the water.
Blame here many more than you imagine. Talkers and picky and pedantic be reflected in
the previous letter, each of them forms a numerous people, no doubt the Creator blessed
the prolific breed.
There is no subject on which to exercise their chatter do not think! Always have a review
to do! But friend, save me the trouble first, and then release your tongue!
Before pointing out the mistakes of others, better to first help them to improve their
situation
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Unit two
The myth
Lee the following text, then answer the questions.
What are you talking Sogamoso text and Ramiriquí? Was there light on Earth?
How light appeared? Who created it? What do you think are Sogamoso and Ramiriquí?
Sogamoso y Ramiriquí
Al amanecer, sólo existían el cielo y la tierra. Lo demás era
oscuridad. El sol y la luna no existían.
En la tierra, se encontraban solos el cacique de Ramiriquí y el
cacique de Sogamoso.
Entre los dos hicieron a los demás indios chibchas. A los hombres
de tierra amarilla. A las mujeres, de una hierba alta y ahuecada
en el medio.
Pero la tierra continuaba en la oscuridad.
Entonces, el cacique Sogamoso mandó al de Ramiriquí, su
sobrino, que subiera al cielo, para convertirse en el sol.
Y así fue.
Pero al ver al cacique Sogamoso que no bastaba la luz de
Ramiriquí, el sol, decidió subir también al cielo. Allá se convirtió
en la luna. Así la noche se aclaró.
Por eso el pueblo de Tunja, adoraba al sol y ala luna.
Porque eran sus padres.
Porque les dieron la luz.
Taken from«Érase una vez entre chibchas».
Alfredo García Giraldo.
As you can see, the story tells of the light source
on Earth, that is what we call day. But the origin
of the Moon.
The possibility that this will happen is not the
product of some natural phenomenon or
created in a laboratory. Is a product of the
imagination of our ancestors.
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Unit two
The Legend
Read the following text:
El Hojarasquín del monte
Los campesinos de las montañas
colombianas cuentan muchas historias
acerca del hojarasquín del monte. Más
de uno dice haberse encontrado con
este espíritu protector de la naturaleza
que habita en la oscuridad de los
bosques tropicales.
Los que lo han visto coinciden en que
se trata de un árbol-hombre cubierto
de musgo, ramas y flores, que camina
rápida y furtivamente entre el follaje,
en medio de un atronador ruido de
hojas secas.
Su aparición causa verdadero espanto,
sobre todo a los taladores de bosques
y a los cazadores, a quienes nunca se
les muestra de frente sino que se les
acerca por la espalda, como si lo
siguiera. Esto sucede por lo general
cuando el cazador apunta con su arma
a un venado indefenso, o cuando el
leñador levanta su hacha para derribar
un árbol. El que susto que se llevan es
tan grande que no les quedan ganas
de volver por allí, o no por lo menos a
matar animales o cortar árboles.
Un respeto profundo se apodera de ellos desde entonces, como si comprendieran que con
la naturaleza no se puede jugar ni se le puede hacer daño porque sí, sin necesidad, sólo por
diversión.
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Sin embargo, y a pesar de su aspecto aterrador, el hojarasquín es un ser de buenos
sentimientos que conduce amablemente hacia la salida del monte a los caminantes que se
pierden en él. La única condición es que el caminante extraviado sea de su agrado. El
problema está en que no es fácil simpatizarle.
Legend of the Colombian Andes .
Unit two
Reading skills
Interpretative: Indicates who is the main protagonist of this story and
what it does.
Argumentative: Explain why you think the Hojarasquín is named and
where it lives.
Propositional: Write legends learned from older people. Identifies the
experience and write.
The legends explain the customs,
beliefs and traditions of a people. The
legends have elements of fantasy and
realistic.
The legends, which generally are the
product of the popular imagination,
are transmitted from generation to
generation through oral tradition.
Each time a person going to a legend
by adding or removing information.
In all countries of the world there are
legends and myths. Some are very
similar. Sometimes we find different
versions of the same event, depending
on the region or country.
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Unit two
Article
These are the words that go before nouns and are classified as:
Defined. They are those that refer to something or someone known, el, la, los, las.
Undefined. They are those that refer to something or someone that is not known or
not mentioned above : un, unas, unos, unas.
Example:
Defined article. El vecino de la casa de la esquina es Pacho
Undefined article.. Un vecino vive en la casa de la esquina.
Activity
1. Colours according to the key.
Defined
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Undefined
la
el
unos
las
un
un
las
una
el
la
una
uno
los
uno
el
unos
los
una
las
un
Unit two
Concordance between the article
and the noun
In every sentence the words relate to each other and must to agree in gender and number.
In each expression, both the article and the noun are in the same gender and number.
Read and watch:
El hombre se quedó meditando.
artícle
noun
Activity
1. What genre and number is the article and the noun of the sentence?
2. Read and join the article with the noun in question. Write it.
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Un
animales
El
ciudad
Una
conejos
La
hombre
Los
árbol
Unos
casa
Unit two
The adjective, genre and number
The adjective qualified. It is a word that names characteristics of an object, person or
animal. What adjectives have the same number and gender of nouns to which they refer.
Example:
Number
Male
Female
Singular
Alto
Alta
Plural
Altos
Altas
1. Place the items corresponding to the illustrations.
10
Unit two
Poems and couplets
Conjuro contra muchos males
Agua de panela
Para el dolor de muela.
Agua de limón
Cura el corazón.
Agua de cereza
Si te duele la cabeza.
Para evitar el catarro
Prueba el masaje de barro.
Jarabe de granadilla
Te sanará la rodilla.
Un poco de ajonjolí
Siempre es bueno para ti.
Irene Vasco
Reading Comprehension
Describe:
According to the poem, what good is the brown sugar, lemon, cherry and passion fruit?
Discuss:
A rhyme that carries the poem is the one that ends in. Cold-mud. Quote others.
Invent:
Invent a small spell to cure poverty.
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Unit two
Couplets
El amor es un bichito
Que por los ojos se mete,
Cuando llega al corazón
Estalla como un cohete.
Ayer de tanto estudiar
Los ojos se me nublaron
La cabeza me dio vueltas
Y mis narices moquearon.
Se va el caimán, se va el
caimán.
Se va para Barranquilla.
Se va el caimán, se va el
caimán.
Se va para Barranquilla.
Reading Comprehension
Answer:
Why intonation is important in poetry?
How do you convey the couplets in the villages?
In family:
Ask your parents to teach you a couplet.
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Unit two
Recognize the song and poetry
Poems and couplets are written in verse, there the words are combined in a special way
to express what reality musicality.
The poem expresses in verse the feelings and
ideas of an author or author.
The couplet expresses the customs, beliefs,
humor and way of thinking of a people. The song
can be expressed in the form of dialogue or sung.
Activity
1. Help the poet to complete the following verses using the words of the boxes.
Jugando en el
Un alegre
escapar
bajar
Bajo el caluroso
Entonaba una
sol
árbol
canción
copetón
Cansado de subir y
De mucho ir y
El oso decidió no
Y a la presa dejar
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insistir
venir
Unit two
Simple and Compound Words
Simple words. They consist of a single term that
generally refers to an action or a noun.
Compound words. They form when joining two
simple words.
Activity
1. Complete the scheme.
Words
Can be
Simple
Formed by
One term
For
example
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Unit two
Narrating an anecdote
Anecdotes should narrate in an orderly, indicating what
happened first, what happened next, how it ended, who was
involved in the situation and, above all, must mention the
situation funny fact.
Activity
1. Choose a type of experience you want to tell.
Cheerful
Funny
Sad
2. Organize the presentation and answers:
Where did it happen?
What happened?
What did you learn?
3. Draw and write the experience.
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Unpleasant
Unit two
The comma
The comma (,) is a punctuation mark that is used to write
to make sense and clarity to the text, indicates a pause to
read. Generally used to separate list elements in a
sentence.
Activity
1. Write the words neatly in the place and tinkling with red the commas.
Nadar
Mariela
Diego
Sábado
yo
El ____________, ____________, Miguel, _____________ y
iremos a ___________________.
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Unit two
The fax
It is a telecommunication system that
sends copies of documents remotely,
generally using the phone line.
The fax name is an abbreviation of the Latin word "fac simile" which means something
like "do well" or "well done". Literally implying that the receiver makes a copy of the
transmitter.
Currently, Fax technology is still in force and
although there are modern technologies, by
custom, law, or cultural custom comfort, do not
rule their use and is almost inconceivable to think
of a business or public office without a fax
machine. Originally its use was journalism, today
is more focused on the transmission of legal
documents, commercial, etc. showing the
signature of the sender to the receiver to have a
signed copy of a document while receiving the
document was actually signed in the hand and
letter of the issuer.
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