pakejan maklumat siri bangunan

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pakejan maklumat siri bangunan
012(d)/2009
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SIRI PAKEJAN MAKLUMAT BANGUNAN
BERSEJARAH :
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VICTORIA INSTITUTION
KUALA LUMPUR
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BAHAGIAN PAKAR MAKLUMAT
PERPUSTAKAAN NEGARA MALAYSIA
r£ 1
SUMBER BUKU
UN TUK l~I U MA LA YSIA SEMPENA 50 TAHUN MERDEKA
cU'my!J"aki CWarumt c;}{ita
HIMPUNA N /300 GEZET MONUMEN DA N BANG UNA N BERSEJARAH MALA YSIA
CET AKAN PERTAMA 2007
@ 200 7 Hakcipta - Dr A zmi Morsidi / Mohd Bakari Jaffar
ISBN 978-983-43540-0-8
Hak cipta terpelihara. Tiada bahagian daripada buku terbitan ini
boleh diterbitkan sem ula, disimpan untuk pengeluaran atau
ditukarkan ke dalam sebarang bentuk atau dengan sebarang alat juapun,
samada dengan cara eletronik, gambar serta rakaman dan sebagainya
tanpa kebenaran bertulis daripada penerbit.
Perpustakaan N egara Malaysia Data Pengkatalogan-Dalam-Penerbitan
Untuk Mu Malaysia Sempena 50 Tahun Merdeka
cU'my!J"aki CW'ansan c;}{ita
ISBN 978-983-43540-0-8 (Hard cover)
Himpunan 1300 Gezet Monumen dan Bangunan Bersejarah Malaysia
1 Historic building-Malaysia- pictorial works (Bangunan Sultan Abdul Samad,
Carcosa Sri N egara, Istana Balai Besar, Istana Maziah, Suffolk House,
Istana Iskandariah, Masjid Peringgit, Masjid Kampung Laut etc)
2 Monuments-Malaysia-Pictorial works (Fort Cornwallis, Menara Condong,
Kota Malawati, Penarikan, Kota St John, The Causeway, Mt Ophir etc.)
I Mo hd Bakari Jaffar - 1942 - 725.9409595
Dicetak oleh
ULTIMATE PRINT SON. BHO. SH AH ALAM
rr t008
PERPUSTAKAAN NEGARA MALAYSIA
Tarikh perolehan :
Tarikh siap didokumenla £
Tarikh disusun alas rak:
3 NQ
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1441807
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Bangunan induk Victoria Institution di tanah cangkat
Menara V./. dari padang serbaguna
BANGUNAN SEKOLAH MENENGAH VICTORIA VICTORIA INSTITUTION
Pembangunan : 1893 - (Lama A.C. Norman)
1927 - (Kini - Arkitek Swan Mac Laven)
1893 - Bangunan Sekolah Victoria lama ini terletak di Jalan Tun H.S. Lee (Jalan Bandar) adalah
antara sekolah Inggeris terawal di Tanah Melayu dan sekolah lnggeris pertama di Selangor yang
mula dibina pada tahun 1893 dan siap 1894. Dinamakan Sekolah Victoria kerana sekolah ini dibina
atas lebihan wang dana derma dari penduduk Kuala Lumpur untuk menyambut perayaan Jubli
Intan pemerintahan Ratu Victoria England (1837 - 190 I). Sultan Abdul Samad Selangor dan Kapitan
China Yap Kwan Seng adalah antara penaja utama sekolah VI ini.
1927 - Bangunan Sekolah Menengah Victoria yang ada sekarang telah dibina atas kawasan yang
luas dengan segala kemudahan termasuk kolam renang dan padang permainan untuk menampung
keramaian pelajar yang mendadak. Dibina di atas Bukit Petaling pada tahun 1929. Bangunan baru
ini mempunyai beranda yang lebar dan panjang, jam besar, kubah dan bumbung yang tinggi dengan
senibina neo-classical telah menjadikannya satu tonjolan identity bagi sekolah elit ini.
SUll1bangan daripada:
Yg. IJltg.
1'1//1
Sri DI/to' Seri Ah uuul Surji b. Ab dul Hamid
K et u a Setiausaln, Negara
7HE SCHOOL CREST
The shield, it will be observed, carries the letters VI in dark blue on a light blue
ground, thus displaying the school colours. The star and cre cent and the head of
a Seladang will be recognized as symbolic of the State and its people. The key is
the Key of Kno vledge and the goals, wide and narrov are the goals to be won
not only on the playing field, but in the world after school days are over.
The Crest ,Pfl de ('lied bll Mr. G. Burgess, formcrly Art Superintendent, Selangor.
Chapter 2
Genesis
here was a felt need for a good English school in Kuala Lumpur in the
1880s. The British administrators realized that soon the FMS government
would need more clerical staff and technical personnel who were literate
in English. There was also much enthusiasm among leading members of
the Asian communities in Kuala Lumpur for a school comparable to Raffles Institution
in Singapore. Three persons were prominent supporters of the idea of founding a
good English school. They were the Capitan China of Kuala Lumpur, Yap Kwan
Seng, Towkay Loke Yew and Tamboosamy Pillay . Fortunately for them, there was an
approachable and understanding British Resident in Selangor at that time. William
Hood Treacher was more than sympathetic. He was aware that a sum of $3,188 wa s
lying in the Treasury. This was the unspent money that had been raised by public subscription on the occasion of the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887. The leading
citizens of Kuala Lumpur town had wanted an enduring memorial of the queen's jubilee. That jubilee had been celebrated with great pomp and ceremony throughout the
far-flung British Empire. It was the heyday of British power and their 'dominion over
palm and pine', to quote Rudyard Kipling.
Treacher had evidently expressed his willingness to treat the sum of $3,188 in the
Treasury as the nucleus of a larger amount that would be required for establishing a
school. He was able to mention $5,000 from government funds. The Sultan of Selangor
gave $1,100. The three Asian community leaders also contributed $1,100 each. Soon,
the total contributed exceeded $21,000. The cherished goal of starting the VI was becoming a reality!
Events moved rapidly in 1893. On 15 June a meeting was called by the sponsors of the
Jubilee Fund and it was presided over by Treacher. Several resolutions were passed at
this gathering and a firm decision was taken to use the money available for an educational purpose, namely a boys' school. The precedent of Raffles Institution in Singapore was of course present in the minds of many people. There was wide support for
an institution "to be maintained primarily for the purpose of providing instruction in
the English language to day scholars of all nationalities and classes resident in the
State and for other educational purposes." And by this time, the consensus was to
name the school VICTORIA INSTITUTION.
8 VICTORIA INSTITUTION: THE FIRST CENTURY 1893-1993
The scheme received warm support from Sir Cecil Clementi Smith, Governor of the
Straits Settlements and High Commissioner of the Federated Malay States (FMS). He
wrote, "1 am very glad that it has fallen to me to give general approval of this scheme
which has now been satisfactorily and creditably worked out by the Resident."
Treacher was elected president of twelve trustees who were appointed to manage the
proposed institution.
Thumb-nail sketches of the founders of the VI are now appropriate. William Hood
Treacher was a graduateof Oxford University. He went to Labuan in 1871 and joined
the government service there in 1873. In 1881 he became the first governor of British
North Borneo (now Sabah) which was then ruled by the British North Borneo
Company. However, he resigned from the service of the Company and rejoined the
Colonial Service. He was appointed Secretary to the government of Perak. He served
in Perak state until 1893 when he was posted to Kuala Lumpur as British Resident of
Selangor. He succeeded Sir Frank Swettenham as Resident-General and thus returned
to Kuala Lumpur.
J.M. Gullick is of the opinion that Treacher's encouragement of the scheme for the Victoria Institution was the most memorable part of his brief tenure of office in Selangor
as Resident.
Loke Yew had come to Kuala Lumpur in the 1880s. When he arrived in Singapore as a
penniless immigrant, he was only 13 years old . His is a typical rags-to-riches story.
Through hard work, thrift and careful investments he had become a rich man. He was
appointed to the Selangor State Council in 1892. He died in 1917.
Yap Kwan Seng was Capitan China from 1890 until his death in 1902, and he was the
last holder of the unique office . Basically the Capitan served as an important link between the British and the Chinese community. He died in 1901.
Thamboosamy Pillay (whose name has been spelt in at least four different ways) came
from Singapore with Mr. J.G. Davidson the first British Resident, as one of his clerks.
He did well in government service and became chief clerk. He resigned from government service in 1889 and went into partnership with Loke Yew in the mining industry.
He became a wealthy man, with a variety of business interests and he also held several public offices. He died in Singapore in 1902.
The statutory framework
No school in the FMS has been the subject of as much legislation as the VI.
The Selangor Gazette of 1 August 1896 carried a notification whereby the Resident,
in the exercise of the powers vested in him by section 5 of the Land Code, had been
pleased to declare a specified area of land "to be reserved for the purposes of an
English school to be maintained and kept in order by the Trustees of the Victoria
10
VICTORIA INSTIT UTIO N: TH E FIRST C ENTURY 1893-1 993
Institution'. The location was identified as allotments 1 and 2 of section 27 of the town
of Kuala Lumpur and the area was given as: 5 acres 3 roods 20.1 perches 'more or
less' . On 11 March 1899 the Selangor State Council enacted the Victoria Institution Enactment No . II of 1899. The long title of the enactment reads: An Enactment for the Incorporation of the Trustees of the Victoria Institution and for other purposes. The Preamble to the enactment recites:
Whereas it is expedient to incorporate the Trustees of the Victoria Institution in
Selangor and to provide by law for the appointment of new Trustees and for other
matters connected with the said Institution ....
The body of the enactment mentions all the Trustees by name or in the case of the exofficio trustees, the relevant designations. The trustees were empowered "to sue and
to be sued, make contracts, and to acquire, purchase, take, hold and enjoy moveable
and immovable property of every description". The other sections deal with matters
such as vesting of property, signing of cheques and the keeping of accounts.
The trustees were to meet at least once in every three months at a convenient place.
The Headmaster of the Victoria Institution was ex-officio Secretary of the Corporation.
In this capacity, he was responsible for all the administrative work, like the keeping of
accounts, and all financial papers and records including vouchers and receipts. All accounts had to be audited by the Selangor State Auditor.
The first group of Trustees of the VI were:
Yap Kwan Seng, member of the State Council
Loke Yew, member of the State Council
K. Tambusamy
Ong Chie Siew
Tamby Abdullah
Lawrence Colville Jackson
John Henry Matthews Robson
Charles Willoughby Hewgill
Thomas Herbert Kershaw
The Secretary to Government (ex-officio)
The State Treasurer (ex-officio)
The State Surgeon (ex-officio)
Bennett Eyre Shaw (Secretary)
On 15 November 1899 the Selangor Council repealed Enactment II and re-enacted it
'w ith alterations'. This was effected by Enactment XXIII and the long title reads: An
Enactment to repeal and re-enact with alterations the Victoria Institution Enactment
1899. The main purpose was to set out more fully the origin and the objects of the Victoria Institution. There is a much longer Preamble drafted in the customary sonorous
GEl ESIS
11
language of preambles, recounting the basic facts of the school and its early history.
The reader will gather that:
1.
In 1887, a fund was raised by public subscription for the creation of a permanent
memorial of the Jubilee of the Queen.
2.
In 1893 the subscribers to the fund agreed that it should be devoted to the establishment of an Institution to be called 'The Victoria Institution'.
3.
The new institution was to be maintained for the purpose of providing instruction in the English language for day scholars of all nationalities and classes resident in the State and for other educational purposes.
4.
In the same year i.e. 1893 a further sum was raised by public subscription for the
same purpose.
5.
The Government added a further sum of money, and granted a rent-free site.
6.
By way of endowment the government also granted an annual rate not exceeding one per cent of the annual value of all houses and buildings in the town of
Kuala Lmpur.
7.
The government undertook to provide a sum not exceeding $3,000 yearly as a
grant-in-aid of the institution, which was built and opened on 30 July 1894.
It will be seen that the genesis of the VI is succinctly recounted in the Preamble of Enactment XXIII of 1899. In a sense this law provided the statutory framework within
which the school operated until 1925.
Enactment No. 10 of 1902 was an amendment to the existing Victoria Institution Enactment. It stipulated that the Secretary to the VI Trustees, meaning the Headmaster,
had to keep the accounts of the school and have them audited at regular intervals by
two auditors 'conjointly'. Both the auditors had to be appointed by the Resident and
they could also be removed from office by the Resident. The earlier legislation had
stipulated that the VI accounts were to be audited by the Selangor State auditor. The
audited annual statement of accounts had to be submitted to the Trustees.
Education Rate Legislation
The VI was the first and only school in the FMS to have the benefit of an education
rate levied from (or imposed upon) lands, houses and buildings in an urban area.
There were three such pieces of legislation. The first was Regulation XVIII of 1893, entitled the Education Rate Regulation. At that time any Selangor law was termed
'Regulation' .
12
VICTORIA INSTITUTION: THE FIRST CENTURY 1893-1993
The second was Enactment No . 21 of 1904. This enactment repealed the 1893 Regulation . It is described as 'an enactment to impose an education rate within the towns of
Kuala Lumpur and Sungei Besi'. However, it was decided after three years, to impose
the education rate on the village of Ampang as well. Therefore the 1904 enactment
was repealed and a new enactment came into force, thereby extending the levy to
Ampang village with effect from 1 January 1908.
The long title of Enactment No.6 of 1908 reads: An Enactment to impose an Education
Rate within the townships of Kuala Lumpur and Sungei Besi and the village of
Ampang.
Section 2 of the enactment set out the modalities for the collection of 'an annual rate
for the maintenance of the Victoria Institution.' The rate was to be fixed by the British
Resident, Selangor. It was to be imposed upon all lands, houses and buildings within
the Sanitary Board areas proclaimed for the townships of Kuala Lumpur and Sungei
Besi and for the village of Ampang. Those liable to pay this levy had to do so by halfyearly instalments in advance in January and July of each year, 'in advance, without
demand'.
The VI received mention in the statute book again in 1909, when the Victoria Institution Reserve Enactment was passed. It was a very brief enactment. The preamble referred to the Resident's notification of 1 August 1896 whereby he had reserved a certain portion of land for an English school to be maintained and kept in order by the
Trustees of the Victoria Institution. The preamble further states that it was expedient
and the trustees had desired that the notification be cancelled. Therefore with effect
from 31 December 1909 the land which formed part of the premises of the VI was
revested in HH the Sultan of Selangor.
II
Chapter 3
Victoria Institution - Early Years
ady Treacher laid the foundation stone of the Victoria Institution in High
Street on 14 August 1893. Sir William Hood Treacher, the British Resident of Selangor, was elected president of the 12 trustees who were appointed to manage the institution.
The first English School in Selangor had been housed in a bungalow belonging to the
Public Works Department in Malay Street. It was in the charge of Mr. Buxton. Later,
the school was moved to a larger building 'with an attap roof and plank walls'
situated at the junction of Foch Avenue and High Street. The school principal was Mr.
G. Hepponstall. When the Victoria Institution was completed in 1894 the entire batch
of boys in this school was admitted. Mr. Hepponstall was only the acting Headmaster,
pending the arrival of a suitable person from England to assume the position of Headmaster, Victoria Institution.
A Raja School had also been opened in Kuala Lumpur in December 1890, at the behest
of the Raja Muda. The school was meant for sons of Rajas and Chiefs . According to Dr.
Philip Loh Fook Seng, formerly Associate Professor at the Faculty of Education of the
University of Malaya, a Reverend F.e. Haines arrived from England in 1889. He took
charge of twelve Malay pupils drawn exclusively from Selangor royalty and the families of major chiefs. The tutoring was done in a government bungalow and the arrangement became conveniently known as Raja school. He continues:
In 1894 the Raja School was closed and in its place boarding arrangements were
made for the young Rajas to continue their education in the newly founded school,
Victoria Institution.
Some historians have concluded that the VI was a merger of the Government English
School and the Raja School.
Bennett Eyre Shaw was headmaster of the VI from July 1894 to February 1922. He was
born in Cork in February 1862 and was educated at King's College School, London.
After a very successful career at Oxford he taught for eleven years in England. His last
appointment before he sailed for Malaya in 1894 was that of Senior Modern Master at
the High School, Bishop Stortford.
14
VICTO RIA INSTITUTIO N: TH E FIRST CENTURY 1893-1993
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Fo unda tion SIOf/e '--..........
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The "Straits Times" of 2 July 1894, contains an interesting news item about the Victoria
Institution: "The Victoria Institution was completed yesterday and is ready for opening. As no description has as yet, I believe, appeared in print, a few particulars of this
handsome structure may be of interest. The building consists of two floors, the lower
one designed for a playground suitable for all weathers. Above this is the large school
room about 100 x 35 feet with a classroom through large archways, so that the three
rooms can be turned into one if necessary. The rooms are well lighted on all four sides
by doors and windows, and the natural ventilation of the schoolroom is assisted by a
large fleche in the centre of the roof. The roof of the main building is open and ceiled
to portions, and the timbers are all wrought and chambered and the whole stained
and varnished. A wide verandah runs the whole wa y round the rooms. The style of
the work is Gothic with a considerable amount of half timber work above the ground
floor. The lower room consists of a series of open Gothic arches over which is the upper floor verandah. TIle main roof is broken at each end by the half timber gables over
the projecting classrooms in front, and at the side of these gables are gablets containing
carvings, representing the sun and the moon. In the centre of the hall turret and above
this, rise the fleche before mentioned . At the sid e, nearly over the main entrance is a
gable containing the royal coat of arms, the latter being a beautiful piece of work.
VICTOR IA INSTITUTION - EARLY YEARS
15
Th e Old School Bl/ildillR ill High
Street. The building Oil the left
was erected ill 1894.. the one Oil
the right was built ill 1903 .
From the apex of the gable rises a flagstaff. Behind but connected with the main building , are the lavatories and at the side is the Headmaster's house. Mr. B.B. Shaw, M.A.,
appointed Headmaster by the Colonial Office, arrived by the "Sappho" on Monday.
The midsummer holidays has some time still to run, so, if there is to be an opening
ceremony, it will not take place just for the present."
In the event, the school was opened officially on 30 Jul y 1894. The British Resident,
William Treacher, wrote as follows in his Annual Report on the administration of
Selangor for the year 1894:
The principal event connected with education was the opening ofthe Victoria Institution in the month of July under the headmastership ofMr. BE. Shaw . The funds
fo r building this institution which provides a good English education fo r boys of
every nationality were partly raised by a Government grant of$5,000 and partly by
private subscription , HH . the Sultan and the Raja Muda as well as the leading Chinese and Tamils being liberal contributors. The advantages of this school are thoroughly appreciated , both by the boys and their parents , and the number of scholars
now amountin g to 150 is constantly increasing.
Mr . Shaw had arrived on 25 June 1894 to take charge of the school. There were over
one hundred boys. Among them were 21 'free' boys who were not required to pa y
school fees.
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KERATAN AKHBAR
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air yang dinamakan Tanah Melayu (dan kemudian menjadi Malaysia). Orang Melayu ,
walaupun terjajah ratusan tahun masih bertuah kerana ti dak perl u berperang dan berkorban nyawa sepanjang 600 tahun itu .
Or ang Mel ayu juga sun gguh bertuah kerana kemerdekaan tanah ai r berlaku di m eja
rundingan dan buk annya di medan peperangan. Lebih bertuah jika difiki rkan ba-
Melayu berhempas put as me m nangu n xan
sistem pendidikan send iri . Sepatutnya pend idikan orang Me layu ja uh lebih maju, te ta pi
sebaliknya lebi h ramai yang berpendi dikan
tinggi ialah buk an Mela yu .
Bila universiti mula ditubuhkan ol eh kerajaan dengan memperkenalka n siste m ku ot a
dem i bangsa Me layu , masih ramai graduan
te r baik adalah bukan Melayu.
naIIl p atU 1Yd
111<1:)111 ....Udt
IU... 116U Q3<11
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gia n pe m impin Melayu .
Nasihat cendekiawan agar keadaan in i diper be tu lkan nampaknya gaga!. Rama i pemimpin dan sebahag ian bes ar ban gsa Melayu
m asih tidak bel ajar m en genai tra gedi kejat u ha n Mel ak a ke pad a Portugis. la berpunca
daripada pe rb uatan khi anat pembesar Melayu.
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jemah kan ajaran Islam yang begi tu sernpuma.
Ielas begi tu tebaln ya masa lah bangsa Melayu. Cu ba kita teliti satu persatu segme n
kehidupan kita dan di m an a leta kn ya ked ud ukan bangsa Mel ayu yang berj umlah tidak sam pai 1S juta in i.
Dalam bidang ekonomi, secara umu m kita
rusnya lebih menilai dan menginsafi. sejarah
bangsa sendiri. Percayalah, pemimpin Melayu yang seda r mengenai sejarah bangsanya
akan berj uan g untuk m enjadi kan ban gsa in i
lebih heb at dan berd au lat.
PENULIS ialah Pensyarah Fakulti Pendidikan
Universiti KebangsaanMalaysia.
Victoria Institution diiktiraf Warisan Kebangsaan
Oleh TARMIZIABDULRAHIM
Mahkama h Rayua n, Datu k Mah adev Sha nkar ; Ketua Wan ita UMNO, Tan Sri Rafidah
Aziz; Menteri Perp ad uan , Kebud ayaan , Kesenia n dan Wari san , Dat uk Seri Mo hd . Shafie
Apda l; Ment er i Wilayah Per sek utua n, Dat uk
Seri Zul hasnan Rafique dan Menteri Pernbangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat,
Dat uk Seri Dr. Ng Yen Yen .
Da lam bidang ekono m i, VI berjaya m elah irka n pengasas Ku mp u lan Sapura, Tan Sri
Shamsud din Abdul Kadir; Ketua Pegawai
Eksekutif Bursa Malaysia Bhd ., Dat u k Yusli
Mohamed Yusoff sela in Tan Sri T. Ananda
Krish nan , Tan Sri Francis Yeoh, Tan Sri Dr.
Ram on Navarat na m dan Tan Sri Kamarul
Ariffin Mohd. Yassin.
VI juga berjaya melahirkan tokoh sukan
antaranya Datuk Dr. M. Jegathesan, Datuk P.
S. Nathan, Allahyarha m Mok htar Dahari,
Datu k Misbun Side k dan adi k-adikny a, Foo
Kok Keo ng da n Ishtiaq Mubara k.
Ia ju ga merupakan bekas seko lah selebrit i
tan ah air sepe rt i Datuk Mahadzir Lokrnan,
Krishen Iit, Datuk K. Kamalesvaran (Kam ahI),
Zaru l Al Bakri dan Wan Zaleha Radzi.
Sehubungan keceme rlangannya it u, hari
ini iaitu tanggal 14 Febru ari, VI diisyti harkan
sebagai Warisan Kebangsaan oleh Kernenterian Perpaduan, Kebudayaan , Kesenian dan
Wa risan .
Kep utu san bersejarah itu sekali gus menjadikan VI sebagai sekolah pertama di negara ini
yang memperoleh pengiktiraf.m berprestij itu .
VI yang bakal berusia II 6 tah un pada 14 0gos
ini diasaskan oleh Sultan Abdul Sama d, William Hood Treacher, Loke Yew, Th amboosamy
Bel iau berkata , pen gikt irafan
Pillay dan Yap Kwan Seng pada
1893.
itu akan m enjad i pemangkin keseko
lah
pad
a PIBG, pelajar dan VIDBA
VI juga merupakan
pertama yang mengasaskan paun tu k terus m ela h irkan pel ajar
su kan be ru n iform kadet infantri
cem er lan g dalam akade m ik dan
kokurikulum serta berketeram pa da 1900 , diiku t i pan caragam
pada 1909 dan juga pe ngakap
pilan sebagai pemimpi n berwipertama d i Malaysia pa da 1910.
bawa yang mempunyai n ila i jati
Selai n kece rnerlangan tersebut ,
diri dan sahsiah tinggi.
VI juga m en ggen ggam sejara h per"Apa yang un ikn ya me nge nai
ada ban ne gara yang tida k ku ran g
VI ialah apa b ila pel ajarnya berada d i luar walaup u n tidak berpen ting apabila menjadi saksi utauniform len gkap sekolah, pe lajar
rna pelbagai peristiwa semasa era
pen jaja han Inggeris dan Iepun,
dan m asyarak at lain lazim nya
m en getahui bah awa m ereka ad aKedua- d ua faktor, iaitu usia se- RAJAAMIR SHAH
kolah yang m eleb ihi sea bad delah buda k-budak VI berda sark an
ngan kecemerlangan dan seja rah tersendiri,
kepa da air rnuk a, ket ram pilan da n kar isma
merupakan antara intipati terpe nt ing yang
yang tidak dibuat-buat tet api m asih m ampu
membolehka n VI dinobatkan sebagai satu
d ikenali.
dar ipad a Warisan Keba ngsaan .
Seme nta ra itu, Raja Am ir Sha h berkata,
Semas a Peran g Du n ia Kedua, VI me njadi
pihakn ya selepas ini juga berhasrat u nt u k
markas pentadbiran te ntera j epun da n se- m enjadik an VI yan g juga sebuah seko lah
lepas Jepu n me nyerah kalah, majlis penyeklu ster, sebagai sebuah sekolah untuk semua
bangsa di negara ini yang akan mengu langi
rah an ke rnba li kepada Ingger is turut diadakan di seko lah itu pada 22 Februa ri 1946.
nosta lgia lam an ya yang pada m asa sarna marnpu m en geratk an m isi integrasi nasion al.
Legasi warisan kecem erlangan dan kewiBeliau berkata, pihaknya akan me ngesyor kan
bawaan sekolah dan bekas pelajar terdah ulu
berdasarkan kepada merit un tu k memberikan
te rus bersambung antara satu generasi ke generasi sete rus nya , hasil kom itm en antara guru,
kelonggaran kepada VIDBA bagi menghantar
ibu bapa, pelajar dan juga Persatu an Bekas
anak m asing-masing memasuki VI dan meneru skan legasi yang pem ah dilalui rnereka .
Pelajar VI (VIDBA) yang diasaskan pada 1922.
Seme ntara itu, Penolong Setiausa ha KehorYan g Dipe rtua Persatuan Ibu Bapa dan Guru
(PIBG) VI, Raja Amir Shah Raja Abdu l Aziz
m at VlO BA, Mohd. Rashdan Abd. Rashid berkata, pih akn ya amat berbesar hati kerana majlis
berkata, matlarnat utama VI selepas me ndapat
pengiktirafan itu ialah meneru skan lagi kepada hari ini juga telah berjaya men gumpul kan
gannya
sehingga
ratusan
tah
un
lagi.
himpunan bekas pelajar yang m asih begitu
gem
ilan
i::
ku at semangat 'Victorian' untuk bersam a-sam a
m enyaksikan detik penuh kerama t ini.
"Selepas ini VI bukan sabaja akan rnen jadi
insti tusi pengajian berprest ij seperti zaman
kegemilan gannya, malah ia aka n m enjadi
salah sebua h lokasi seja rah yang mesti dil awati
pelancong daripada dalam dan luar negara.
"VI juga akan berhadapan dengan proses
pengembalian tradisi- tra disi u nik yang di
amalkan sejak pen ubu ha nnya oleh be kas pelajar yang rata-rata a ma t m en cin ta i seko lah
dan telah banyak membantu pe lajarnya menjadi insanbersahsiah tinggi da n berjaya dalam
bidang yang di ceburi," katanya.
Sernpena maj lis pengi ktirafa n itu, satu acara khus us juga akan diadakan unt u k Pasu kan
Kor Kadet Pan caragam VI yang m en yambut
ulangtahun pertubuhann ya yang ke 100 tahun yan g juga m erupakan pancaragam tertua
di Asia Tengga ra.
SEBAHAGIAN ban gun an SMK Victoria Institution ya ng kin i d iiktiraf seb a gai Wa risan Kebangsaan neg a ra berdasarkan sejarah gemilangnya;
Pasukan yang da lam persiapan unt uk me-
KESINAMBUNGAN kecemerlangan tarnadun sesebuah negara berga nt ung sepen uhnya
kepad a kual iti dan keu tuha n moda l insan .
lnstit usi pendidikan di peri ng kat ren da h
dan m enengah pu la merupakan "ta pa k sernaia n" terb aik bagi menghasilkan prod uk
bermut u sehi ngga mam pu 'dieksport ' ke pering kat lebih tinggi dan seka li gus memen uh i
spes ifi kasi pasaran luar yan g m encaba r.
Iusteru , peranan untuk membaja tapak
sem aia n berkenaan terletak di bahu guru
apabila berada di sekolah sementa ra ibu bap a
pu la ket ika pelaja r ke ru ma h. Tugas itu adalah faktor yang amat kritikal da n memerlukan perhatian penuh sem ua pihak yan g
diamanahkan untuk menjaganya.
An tara tapak sem aian terbaik ialah Victoria
In stitution (VI) yang kini di kenali sebagai
Seko lah Mene nga h Kebangsaan VI yang suatu ma sa dahulu m erupakan antara sekolah
dominan bukan sahaja di negara ini tetapi
turut tersoh or seluruh dunia.
Antara "produ k" keluaran VI ialah Su lta n
Brunei, Sul tan Hassanal Bolkiah ; tokoh pe nd idikan, Tan Sri Yaacob Latiff; bekas Hakim
nyertai Kejoh an an Pan caragam d unia yang
bakal berl an gsung di Monza, Ita li dal am m asa
terdekat ini , telah m u la mengambil bahagian
di peri ngkat dunia seja k tah un 1996 da n tela h
ban yak kali mengh arum kan nam a nega ra
semasa b erta nding di Au strali a, Iepun, Belan da dan China seb elu m ini .
>BISIK-BISIK
AWANGpercaya titah Sultan Selangor,
Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah mengenai gelagat b iadab lerhadap Sultan
Perak, Sultan Azlan Shah ekoran perubahan kerajaan baru negeri Perak,
dapal dihayati oleh semua pihak yang
berkenaan.
Mesej baginda itu mudah difahami dan amaljelas - rnenggesa pi hak yang mencabar hak, peranan
dan kedudukan raja-raja supaya
menggunakan pertimbangan akal,
Semuanya demi kepentingan masa
depan agama, bangsa dan negara.
Selain titah Sultan Selangor itu, kita
dari semasa ke sernasa mengikuti pel bagai pandangan daripada banyak
pihak termasuk mereka yang cerdik
undang-undang dan perlembagaan
menerusi media massa. Semuanya,
senada dengan apa yang dititah dan
dibimbangi oleh baginda itu .
Sudah lentu lindak-tanduk pihak
lerlentu yang berlaku di Perak sejak
seminggu lepas, jika tidak diambil
perhatian sewajamya, boleh menjejaskan kesejahleraan hidup dan
masa depan kita dan generasi akan
datang.
Renunglah sebaik mungkin apakah yang kita lakukan itu sesuatu
yang membantu atau menggugal ins-
titusi- institusi yang sekian lama kita
warisi dan pertahankan.
Awang percaya jika kita lerlajak
kata dan perbuatan, amat sukar untuk memperbetulkannya.
Awang - Pemah lerlajak perahu.
Harian Metro
1M PIUH 29A14 (.m.ij
SMK Victoria diisytihar
warlsan kebangsaan
r'
I MoM RifaatAbd Halim
UALA LUMPUR: Hari ini gen.p
116 tahun usia Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Victoria atau lebih
dikenali sebagai Victoria Institution
(VI) ya ng se re ntak bakal di isyt ihar
seb agai warisan ke bangsaan .
V I, seko lah harian p ert am a d i
Ma laysia yang diberi pengiktiraran berprestij itu, ad alah seb uah
sekolah tersoho r d i sam pin g
m empunya i ide n titi dan sejarah-
Sabtu, 14 Februari 2009
29
HONDA
K
nya tersendiri.
DAIF
...Mahanl
menggoreng
Ikan
menggunakan
dapur kayu .,
sambll
dlbantu
anak dan
suam inya.
bila -bila masa berikutan rumah
yang menjadi tempat berteduh selama ini ada lah m ilik seb ua h sya ·
rikat di kawa san berhampiran.
"lika pemilik tanah mengara h kan kami kelu ar , tiada apa dapat
d ilakukan. Saya berharap ada pih ak
yang tamp il me ngh ulur kan bant uan
sekurang-ku rangnya untuk menyempumakan persekolahan ketiga-tiga anak sara," katanya.
D iasaskan Sul tan Abdul Samad,
William Hood Treacher, Loke
Yew, Thamboosamy Pillai dan Yap
Kwan Seng pada 14 Ogos 1893, VI
berj aya men gek alka n kecemerl an ga n nya da larn m elah irk an ram ai
tokoh termasuk Sultan Brun ei Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah serta menteri
Kabin et dahulu dan sekara ng sepert i
Tan Sri Rafidah Aziz, Datuk Seri
Zulh asnan Rafique, Datuk Seri Dr
Ng Yen Yen d an bekas ha kim
Datuk Mahadev Shankar.
Yang lain termasuk tokoh ko rpo rat Tan Sri Shamsuddin Abdul
Kad ir, Tan Sri T Ananda Kr ishnan
d an Tan Sri Francis Yeoh serta
to ko h suka n termas uk Da tuk Dr
M Icgathe san , Allahyarham Mo kthar Dahari, Datuk Mi sbun Sid ek,
Foo Kok Keo ng , Da tuk P S Nat ha n
d an Ishtiaq Mu b arak.
Pad a 1945, ketika Perang Du n ia
:h
BEKAS PELAJAR...(dari k irl ) Sultan Hassanal Bolk lah , Ananda
Krishnan , Francis Yeoh dan Rafidah.
GEDUNG ILMU•••VI
genap 116 tahun
harllnl.
Kedua, VI me njadi markas pentadbiran tent era [epun dan selepas
Iep u n me nye ra h kalah , majlis penye ra ha n ke mbali kuasa kepada
Inggeris turut d iad ak an di sekolah
itu pad a 22 Februar i 1946.
Me nt er i Perpad ua n , Kebu d ayaan , Kesen ian dan Wa risan , Datu k
Ser i Shane Apdal, yang ju ga beka s
pelajar sekolah itu, akan me nyempurnakan m ajlis pen gisytiharan VI
sebagai warisan kebangsaan pagi in i
iii pekarangan seko lah itu .
Bersempena dengan ma jIis yang
bersejarah itu , banyak program
dirancang.
Yang Dipertua Persatuan Ibu Bapa d a n Guru (PIBG ) VI, Raja
Am ir Sha h Raja Abdul Aziz, berka ta m atlam at uta ma VI sele pas
rnen dapat pengik tira fan itu ialah
untuk mene ruskan lagi kegemilangannya seh ingga beratus- ratus
tahun lagi. - Bernama
.d " RiCl SerbCl BRRU
koo prestOSI (ongg ln terungg
"Jo yr, e ,
t t0 rk\ni \,long rnenggobung
\e sO. K in) de ng on
=
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onda di bill\<. porn eron
dengon penompl\on gemp00 krn .H.o1.,lotiloh Joynde oorv
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Slew Hoodo otoV peng
or
+
116-year-old
school gets
heritage
status today
Victoria Institution first
to be honoured in Malaysia
KUALA LUMPUR: While th e city folk
ce lebrate Valentine's Day today,
»As a former
anot her big event will be taking place
here.
student, I am
The iconic Victoria Institution or
particularly glad VI
more popul arly known as VI, which
will be 116 year s old this year, will
is the first school
become the first day school in the
country to be awarded nati onal her itto be awarded the
age status.
Fou nded by Sultan Abdu l Samad,
William Hood Treacher, La ke Yew,
DATUK SERI SHAFIE APDAL
Thambo osamy Pillai and Yap Kwan
Seng on Aug 14, 1893, VI ha s stea dfastly ma intai ned a record of academic excellence and prod uced many
1946).
leaders and luminaries.
Unity, Culture, Arts and Heritage
Those who passed thro ugh its hallowed halls includ e Sulta n Hassanal Minister Datuk Seri Shafie Apdal w ill
Bolkiah of Brune i, Cabinet m inisters present the award to VI th is morning
then and now like Tan Sri Rafidah in a special ceremo ny at its schoo l
Aziz, Datuk Seri Zulhasnan Rafique, compound and many of its former
Datuk Seri Shafie Apdal, Dat uk Seri Dr students are expected to be present to
Ng Yen Yen and former judge Datuk witn ess the historic event.
It will also hold a special meani ng
Mahadev Shankar.
Other former students includ e cor- to Shafie, himself an alum nus of VI.
Zulhas nan, the Federal Territories
porate giants like Tan Sri Shamsuddin
Abdul Kadir, T. Ananda Krishnan and Minister, said: "I wou ld not miss it for
Tan Sri Francis Yeah while in the field the wor ld. It is such a great honour for
of sports th e school has produ ced VI and as a former student, I am parluminaries such as Datuk Dr M. ticularly glad VI is the first school to
jegathesan , th e late Mokhtar Dahari, be awarded the status.
Datuk Misbun Sidek, Faa Kok Keong,
For Zulhasnan, Feb 14 this year also
Datuk P.S. Nathan a nd Is htiaq holds a special meani ng as it will mark
Muba rak.
th e third year that he has bee n Federal
During the Second World War, VI Territories Minist er.
For VI's Parent-Teacher Associatio n
was used as the admini strative head qu art er s by the invadin g japanese president, Raja Amir Shah Raja Abdul
army and after japan's defeat in th e Aziz. VI's ma in goal after getting th e
war in 1945, the hand over cerem ony status is to continue with its traditi on
of the admini strat ion of Malaya to th e of excellence for hundreds of year s to
British was also held there (on Feb 22, come. - Bernama
status«
Schoo l with a long history: Vict oria Ins titution see n as it s ta nds today in J alan Hang Tuah, Kuala Lumpur.
Tbe founders:
(Clockwise
from top left)
William Hood
Trea che r, Yap
Kwan Sen g,
Lake Yew and
Thamb oosamy
PillaL
.Japan ese sur render: Gen ltagaki, the highes t in command of the J apanese Army in
Malaya, han ding over his sword to l\-Gen Sir Fran k Messervy, the British officer-incomma nd of Malaya , at Victoria Institu tion in a Fe b 22, 1946, file photo. The ce remony
marked the final s te p in the tra nsfer of power back afte r the J apan ese occ upation.
+
NATION ~ 2}
NEW STRAITS TIMES SATURDAY, FEBRUARY14, 2009
Soldier
escapes
drug
charges
'Govt open to ideas
on women, equality'
SIIAII AIAJ\I: It has been two
yea rs since a former army
se rgeant was he ld in remand
while be ing trie d on two
counts of dr ug possession.
Rosli Rahmat , 40 . ke pt praying for the day he would be
free to join his par en ts, wife
and three childre n age d between 6 a nd 13.
Th at day ca me yeste rda y
when he was freed by the Ses sions Court hor e without his
defence being called .
Hosli, who was a lso a sepak
takr aw pla yer at the national
• By Azura Abas
level for the arm ed forces, was
acquitted after five pro secution witnesses testified .
li e was freed fro m the two
cbarges of possessing two
pack et' of ca nnabis. weigh ing
26.58g a nd 156.6g. a t a she d
and in the kitch en of his home
at Lot 8468, Ja la n Nahko da
Kiri, Kampung Nahk oda, Batu
Caves her e at 12.45am and
[email protected]
Rosli Rahmat was cha rged
wit h po ssessing canna bis
lam on Oct 3. 2006 .
In his decis ion. ju dge M. Gu-
nala n sa id the drugs were
found at a place which was
open and access ihle to peopl e.
"Hence, this does not const itute to him havin g exclus ive
poss ession of the drugs." he
sa id, adding that th e prosecution failed to pr ove th e case
beyond reasonable doubt.
After the sentence ,.. . as
passed, Rosli brok e down an d
hugged his famil y members in
court.
KUALA LUMPUR: Any proposals on women , equality
and ju stice wh ich ar e in accor da nce with the teachings of
the QUI'an and Prophet
Muh ammad will be considere d by the gover nm ent.
Advise r to the Prim e Minister on Women a nd Social Developme nt Da tuk Ser i Shahriza t Abdul J aW called on th e
participan ts of a five-day global me eting on equa lity and jus tice in th e Muslim famil y to
provid e her with 10 suc h proposal s.
"Get me th e pr oposals a nd I
will submit the m to the pri me
ministe r," she sa id when
la un ching Musawah, a globai
movement for equality and
justice in the Muslim family
last night .
The meeting was orga nised
..
THEREHAS BEEN SO MUCH
INJUSTICE AGAINST MUSLIM
WOMEN THATIT IS
IMPORTANT FOR MUSAWAH
TO FOCUSON
UNDERSTANDING WHY
EQUALITY ANDCHANGEARE
NECESSARY ~
- Zainah Anwar
Musawah project director
by Sisters In Islam .
Sha hriza t sai d th e govern ,
me nt was willing to listen to
the differin g views on women
a nd equa lity a nd th at Prim e
Minister Da tuk Seri Abdu llah
Ahmad Bad awi a nd his de puty
Dat uk Seri Najib Razak would
be open to ideas.
She also believed Musawah
wo uld create an explos ion of
ideas in the next live davs of
deliber ations.
Earlier, Mu saw ah project
dir ector Zaina h Anwa r sa id
the globa l movemen t be lieved
th at Islam uphe ld the principles of equ a lity and justic e a nd
that Musawah's first task was
to br ing togeth er scholars a nd
activists to work within a
holistic framework to ens ur e
tha t Muslim wom en were a ccorded wor th and dignity in
the eyes of the law, famil y and
community,
"There has been so mu ch
injusti ce ag ains t Muslim wom en that it is important for Musawah to focus on acqu irin g
kno wled ge a nd und erstand ing why eq ua lity a nd cha nge
a re necessar y," she said .
Shahrizat la ter lau nc he d a
boo k II!4iVl 'ED: Equality and
J us tice in the Muslim Family,
comp rising seven analytical
papers su ppo rting the formation nfMusawah.
It also outline d a framewor k
for action or docu me nt , using
a holistic approach that combines Islam ic teachings, uni versal hum an rights pr inci ples . fund amental rights and
constitutiona l guara ntees and
rea l stor ies of'wom en and men
toda y.
Th e docum ent is availab le in
five languages English,
Ara bic, Frenc h, Per sian and
Bahasa Malaysia,
Later , Shahrizat sa id the
pro posed Isla mic Famil y La w
(Fede ra l Terr itori es) Amendment Bill would be ta bled in
Parli am ent soon.
She said the bill would provide answers to contentious issues re lated to Iamilv matters
suc h as mar r ia ge.· divorce ,
child custody and rnainte na nce.
Heritage status for
Victoria Institution
Founded on Aug 14,
1893 , by Sultan Abdul
Samad , William Hood
Treach er, Loke Yew,
Thamboosamy Pillai
and Yap Kwan Sen g,
V'!, has produced
man y nati onal and
industry leaders a nd
prominent sportsmen .'
,
\
.'
~,
J
K U,\l ~\ LUMI'UII: While citv
folk celebrate Valent ine's Day
today. another hig event "iii
also be tak ing pla ce here.
1110 iconic Victor ia Institution , or more pop ula rly kno wn
a, VI, which tu rn s 116 yea rs
old this year, will become the
fir st day school in the countrv
to be awarded natio na l hm:itage status today.
Foun de d by Sultan Abdul
Samad. Williaml!ood Treacher. I.oke Yew, Thamboosamy
Pilla: and Yap Kwan Song on
Aug 14 , 189 3. VI has ste a dfas tly mainta ined a record of
academic exce llence and pro duced many leade rs and luminaries.
Those who passed through
its hallowed halls includ ed
Sultan Hassa nal Bolkiah of
Brunei, former and curre nt
ministe rs such as Tan Sr i Ra fidah Aziz. Datuk Seri Zulhas nan Ralique , Datuk Seri Shafie
Apdal , Datuk Seri Dr Ng Yen
Yen and former judge Da tuk
Ma hadev Shankar.
Other former students include corporate giants such as
Tan Sri Shamsuddin Abdul
Kadir, T. Ananda Krishnan
a nd Tan Sri Francis Yeah,
sportsmen such as Dat uk Dr
H Jegathesan. the late Mok tha r Daharl, Datuk Misbun
Sidek , Foo Kok Keong, Datuk
RS. Nathan and
Ishtia q
..
ITIS SUCHAGREAT HONOURFORV.I. (VICTORIA
INSTITUTION). AS AFORMER STUDENT, I AM PARTICULARLY
GLAD V.I. ISTHE FIRST SCHOOL TO RECEIVETHE STATUS.
THIS ISAMOMENTOUSOCCASION NOTONLY FOR V.I. BUT
ALSO FOR ALLITS STUDENTS ANDFORMERSTUDENTS. ~
- Dotuk 5eriZulhosnan Rofique
Federal Territories Minister
Mubarak .
During World War 2. VI was
used as th e adm inist ra tive
hea dqu art er s by the J ap an ese
army an d afte r Ja pa n's defea t
in 194 5, the ha nd -over coremany of the adm inistra tion of
Malaya to the British was held
there on Feb 22, 194 6.
Unitv, Culture , Art, a nd
Heri tage Minister Datuk Seri
Sha lie Apd al " i ll present
the awa rd to Vl tod ay in a special ceremonv at the school's
com poun d. .
Man y of its for mer students
a re expected to be prese nt to
witness the historic.event.
ZuJhasnan, the Federal Territories Minister, said: "1
would not miss it for the wor ld.
It is such a great honour forVl .
As a former stu de nt, l am pa r ticula rly glad VI is the first
sc hool to receive the status,
"This is a mome ntous occasion not onlv for VI but also for
all its stu dent" a nd former stu dents."
In conjunction with the occas ion, many events have
been lined up: including a gala
dinner. charity golf tournament, centennial concert by
Vl's ma rch ing band, a crosscou nt ry cha rity run in the city
a nd a football tournament in
memory ofMokthar Dahari.
For Vl 's parent-teacher association pres iden t. Raja Amir
Shah Raja Abdul Aziz . VI's
main goa l after getting the status wou ld be to continue with
its tradition of excellence for
hun dr eds of years more to
come.
VI's marching band's cadet
corps will hold a special perfor man ce to mark the occasion. - Bern ama
SUMBER MAJALAH
I
MAJAlAH DAlAM KEllS SEJAK lAHUM 1988
-""7 [;
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
•
SA\IC
VlCTOBIA
I
i
i
i
I
I
I
MS
373 .05
DS
f
•
Julai 2007
VICTORI
Seterusnya, VI juga cemerlan g
apabila memegang gelaran
juara MSSKL peringkat negeri
dalam
kejohanan
kriket.
Pasukan kriket VI pernah
ITUBUHKAN pada tahun 1893, Sekolah
menewaskan kelab campuran
Australia dan England, selain
Victoria (VI) kini telah berusia 114 tahun .
Dalam satu tempoh yang panjang sekolah
mewakili Kuala Lumpur di
ini pasti menyimpan sejarahnya yang
Sukan malaysia (SUKMA) di
negeri Sembilan. Pada tahun
tersendiri. SMK Victoria merupakan sekolah harian
ini, pasukan kriket VI juga telah
yang dikawal sepenuhnya oleh Jabatan Pendidikan
muncul juara dan juga naib
Negeri. Sebaga i sekolah harian kawalan , kemasukan
VI dipil ih sebag ai salah sebuah sekolah
juara MSSKL.
pelajar-pelajar ke VI ini disaring terlebih dahulu
kelompo k (cluster).
Yang lebih membanggakan
supaya memenuh i syarat kelayakan yang dite tapkan
iaitu memperoleh 5A atau 7A dalam Ujian Penilaian
VI, Mohd. Shafiq bin Mohd
Shariff, 16, Olahragawan Majlis Sukan Sekolah-sekolah Negeri
Sekolah Rendah (UPSR).
VI, sebuah institusi persekolahan yang mengalami proses
Sembilan (MSSNS) te lah mewakili negara pada Kejohanan Trofi
pengantarabangsaan yang sangat tingg i. Malah, telah menerima
Melayu Antarabangsa dan muncul sebagai johan , Golden Hope
sijil pengiktirafan seko lah kelompok (cluster) . VI mempunyai
International Invitation (tempat ketiga) dan terpilih untuk menyertai
prasarana sekolah yang lengkap bagi kemudahan para guru dan
pasukan pi lihan Asia di Pakistan dan per lawanan pendedahan di
pelalar, Di samping kemudahan untuk pembelajaran , ada juga
Australia.
kemudahan untuk aktiviti sukan , kelab dan persatuan . Kesemua
Selain itu, pasukan Kadet Pancaragam VI juga tersohor di
kelab atau persatuan di VI bergerak aktif. Misalnya, Amran bin
dalam mahu pun luar negara . Pasukan pancaragam VI pernah
Rahmat dari Kelab Pelancongan dan Alam Sekitar telah mewakili
diberikan anugerah khas peringkat antarabangsa. Antaran ya,
Malaysia ke Nairobi , Kenya bagi Program Alam sekitar UND P di
anugerah World for Marching Show Band Calgary Canada (2003)
bawah Pertubuhan Bangsa-bangsa Bersatu (PBB).
dan World Mus ic Contest di Kerkrade Netherlands (2005). Di
Tarikan VI ialah sebuah muzium yang
samping itu , pada tahun 2007 , pancaragam VI
dibiayai oleh Encik G.Gnanalingam. Muzium ini
memenangi tempat pertama bagi pertandingan
dibuka secara rasmi sempena ulang tahun kepancaragam peringkat Kuala Lumpur dan tempat
100 sekolah . Pelbagai artifak sejarah disimpan
ketiga bagi Pesta Flora,
di dalam bilik pengetua beberapa tahun lalu.
Menurut Penolong Kanan Kokurikulum VI, Nik
Disebabkan peredaran masa, ada pihak yang
Anuay bin Nik Abdullah , beliau amat berbangga
mencadangkan supaya bahan-bahan sejarah
kerana sejak kok urikulum ditubuhkan di VI pada
tersebut dikumpulkan di satu tempat yang khas
tahun 2003 , beliau dapat melihat penglibatan
(Muzium), demi menjaga khazanah VI.
pelajar-pe lajar dalam bidanq kokurikulum yang
semakin meningkat. Pencapaian demi pencapa ian
Sejak penubuhannya 100 tahun dahulu, VI
yang diraih oleh pelajar VI secara tidak langsung
telah berjaya mencatat banyak kejayaan da lam
mena ikkan lagi nama VI di persada antarabangsa.
bidang sukan . VI merupakan pelopor bidang
Oleh sebab itu, tidak hairanlah VI dipilih sebagai
permainan seperti kriket dan renang dan hanya
salah sebuah sekolah kelompok (cluster) pada
VI yang mempunyai lapanga n kriket send iri.
Selain itu, VI juga telah melah irkan jaguh -jaguh
tahun
ini.
Penolong Kanan
Meskipun cemerlang dan tersohor dalam
sukan terke nal tanah air seperti M.Jegathesan
Kokurikulum VI, Nik Anuay
bida ng kokuriku lum , pelajar VI juga turut
dan keluarga Sidek. Kelahiran ahli sukan terkenal
bin Nik Abdu llah.
mempamerkan kecemerlangan dalam bidang
ini membuktikan keunggulan VI dalam bidang
akademik. Analisis pencapaian Sijil Pelajaran
sukan.
Malaysia dan Penilaian Menengah Rendah mencatatkan
Kecemerlangan pelajar VI dalam bidang kokurikulum
keputusan yang baik.
memang tidak dapat dinafikan lagi apabila dianugerahkan
VI juga berbangga kerana te lah melahirkan begitu ramai
sekolah paling cemerlang kokurikulum. Antara pencapaian
insan ternama dan berjaya. Antaranya ialah Sultan Haji Hassanal
yang membanggakan pada tahun 2007 adalah apabila pasukan
Bolkiah AI-M u'izzaddin Waddaulah, Tan Sri Hashim Mohd. Ali,
bola sepak VI menya nda ng juara dalam kejohanan Piala Sultan
Datuk Seri Rafidah Aziz, Datuk Zaman Khan, Mahadzir Lokman,
Azlan Shah dan Majlis Sukan Sekolah -Sekolah Kuala Lumpur
Allahyarham Mokhtar Dahari, Foo Kok Keong, Jailani Sidek,
(MSSKL).
Rashid Sidek da n lain-lain lagi. Kecemerlangan warga VI amat
Selain itu, bagi sukan polo air, pasukan VI turut muncul
wajar dijadikan contoh dalam usaha untuk menjadi insan yang
juara MSSKL apabila mengalahkan Sekolah Seri Cempaka dan
cemerlang dan ter bila ng. '
juara Majlis Sukan Sekolah -seko lah Malaysia (MSSM) di Kedah.
SERBA BOlEH
O
c!J?ecision
movements
-
- by-
-
RAYMOND WElL
GENEV E
LE Chattels
(M)Sdn Bhd
cSIBA
ra re Jewels
S h o p M7 & M8, Me zz . Flo or, Mandarin Orlerrtat , Hong Kong . Tel : 2 5 25-1'34
F;llY -
?Aln_nn"'~
SCHOOL
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ore than 100 year s ago.
following in a long line oi
Commonwealth land mar ks .
cities and buildings to be
named after Britain's longes treigning monarch. a new schoo l in Kuala
Lumpur took on the title oi a quee n who
had come to represent the very essence
oi thrift. sobriety and hard work.
Per ha ps it was inevitable that the
\ 'ictoria Institution would enjoy a similarly
illustrious reputation, becoming one of the
country's foremost schools and a training
ground ior some of its most prominent
citizens and royals. Today the Victoria
Institution verses about 1,200 pupils in
academic as well as sporting fields and
is renowned for its excellence and high
standards.
A century ago, of course, with Kuala
Lumpur in its infancy under British rule
ove r th e Mal ay states , th e st ude nt
population was not what it is today.
Nevertheless, British administra tors realised
the Federation of Malay States government
would need more clerical staff and technical
personnel who were literate in English.
And several leading memb er s of the Asian
community in Kuala Lumpur were keen
to see here a school of the same stature
as Singapore's Raffles Institution.
Among the promine nt supporte rs of
the idea of founding an English sch ool
were the last Capitan China of Kuala
Lumpur , Yap Kwan Seng, State Councillor
and millionair e tin miner Towkay Loke
Yew and wealthy businessman and Tamil
community leader Thamb oosam y Pillay.
When the thr ee approach ed the British
Resident in Selangor at that time, William
Hood T reac he r, th ey found him
sympathetic to their cause . Tr eacher was
able to provide $5,000 from government
coffers, plus some $3,000 raised by public
sub scription on the occasio n of th e Golden
Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887. Th e
Sultan of Selangor promised $1,100 and
the three Asian leaders also contrib ute d
$1,100 each. Other donors came forward ,
and soon the total exceeded $21,000 the goal of founding a school was fast
becoming reality.
On Jun e 15 1893, a meeting was held,
presided over by Tr eacher , at which it
was decided to set up a boys' school "for
the purpose of providing instru ction in the
English langu age to day scholars of all
nationalities and class es resident in the
State and for other educational purpo ses."
The school was to be called the Victoria
Instituti on.
Two month s later on Augu st 14, Lady
Treacher laid the foun dation stone of
Victoria Institution in High Street. The
following year, on July 30, the schoo l was
form all y decla re d o pe n by it s first
headmaster, Benne tt Eyre Shaw. Born in
Cork , Ireland and educate d at King' s
College School, London, Shaw taugh t for
11 years in England after a very successful
career at Oxford. He arr ived in Malaya
on Jun e 25 1894 and would remain head
until February 1922.
M
Above: The new Victoria Institution
building, Shaw Road
Left: The school crest - the star and
crescent and head of a Seladang are
symbolic of the State and its people,
key is the Key of Knowledge and the
goals represent those to be won no t
on the playing field but in the world
school
Below left: Sir William Treacher, British
Resident of Selangor (1892- 1896), w as
founder and president of the 12 orig "
trustees of the V ictoria Inst itu tion
Below: State Councillor and millionaire
tin miner Loke Yew, a founder and one
of the original trustees of VI . Died 19 17
Shaw had the unique opportunity not
only to shape the institution for which
he was responsible but also to initiate
trad itions and practices that would be
emulated by othe r schools. Public education
was still in its infancy in the Malay States
and there was a crying need for leadership
in all aspects of education. Shaw was a
pioneer who over the years helped shape
not only VI traditions but also the English
ed ucatio n system in the Federation of
Malay States in later years.
Initially, Shaw had some 150
aged nine to 16, in his charge. At
time classification of primary or seco
levels did not exist and only the
promising young talents were admitted
the school imposed very high stan
entrance examinations. The school sy
includ ed Readin g, Writing, Arithm
and Drilling. Th er e were no sch
uniforms, therefore the students atte
school in their traditional attires: Chinese
boys in Chinese slacks and loose coats
with their towchangs or plaits tucked into
their pockets, Malay boys in sarongs and
songkok or hats, and Indians in vesti, a
loose cloth wrapped around the hips.
Nearly all of the boys were bare-footed.
One story about the VI that made
particularly interesting read ing might not
have appeared on the curriculum but it
certainly could have bee n penned by a
great murder-mystery writer. It began in
1911 when Shaw was on leave in Eng land
and his substitute, W. ]. Proudlock and
wife Ethel moved into the VI principal's
bunga low in High Street.
Late one night, six shots rang out from
the bunga low's verandah and it transpired
that the victim was William Crozier
Steward, a tin-mine manager. Rumour had
it that Ethel Proudlock was having an affair
with Steward and when she discovered
he had also been intimate with a Chinese
mistress at the mining settlement, rage and
jealousy led her to shoot him.
Ethel Proudlock however, protested
her innocence, saying Steward had come
to see her on the pretext of borrowing
a book. As she was retrieving it from
her bedroom, Steward followed and
attempted to rape her. In grop ing for the
light switch she came across a revolver
she kept and, panicked, she fired the shots
in self-defence.
The jury at Ethel's tr ial was not
convinced by her story and sentenced her
to death, whereupon Ethel appealed. A
petition for pardon dated June 29 was
signed by the VI staff, pupils, parents,
old VI boys and many leading members
of the British and Asian commun ities and
later forwarded to the Sultan of Selangor.
A full pardon was granted. Ethel escaped
to England but could not prevent the
gossips, who also came up with a version
that the rea l killer was another of Ethel's
lovers who had shot Stewa rd in and
escaped by swimming across the Klang
River. Somerset Mangham drama tised this
Proudlock case and made it famous as
The Letter, a successful 1927 Hollywood
stage play starring Jeanne Eage ls, Reginald
Owen and Herbert Marshall. In 1940 it
was made into a film starring Bette Davis.
However, apart from this one great
scandal. the remaining extra-curricular
activities were solely of a harmonious
commun ity nature . The VI was the first
school in the Federation of Malay States
to boast a cadet movement, inspired by
one of the school's most hardworking and
enthusiastic masters, A.c.]. Towers, who
started it in 1900. To this day the VI Cadet
Corps (VICC) is still active and the VICC
band has received much recognition for
its role as Malaysian representative in the
World Band Competition in Aust ralia. The
VI was also the only school in the FMS
to have a troop of Boy Scouts. The First
Selangor Troop was formed in 1910 by
Shaw, consisting of six patro ls of eight
Scouts each.
The school's crest and song were
Above: Thamboosamy Pill ay, a w eal thy
businessman and leader of the Ta mi l
com m unity, was another founder and
o rig inal trus tee of V I. Died 1902 .
Above right: Ya p Kwa n Seng , the las t
Capitan China of Kuala Lumpu r ( 18891901), wa s also a State Councillor,
fo und er and one of th e original tru stee s
of VI . Died 190 1
Righ t: The V icto ria Inst itution 's fi rst
headmaster, Bennett Eyre Shaw was wi th
the school from 1894-1922
Below : The school fo un d a tion stone
The old school building in High Street. The build ing on the left w a s erected in 1894, the
one o n the right in 19 0 3
Above: School prefects enjoy d inner
Top: The Victoria Institution first XI football te am 1911
Below: Staff of the Victoria Institution in 1924
1 1 C,
significant in emblazoning an iden tity for
th e VI, as was the VIE (Victoria Institution
Echo) magazi ne, first published in April
1923. A slim publication chron icling scho ol
news , even ts and spo rting act ivities, its
cover showed two wres tlers in action
de picting healthy co mpetition betwee n
stude nts. Sports pro vide d competition
am ong 10 hou ses nam ed after th e foun der s
of VI, the first headmast er and good
friend s of th e sc hool - Nugent Walsh ,
Th amb oosamy, Rodger, Hepponstall, Yap
Kwan Seng , Treach er, Lake Yew, Steve
Har per, Shaw and Davidso n. To provide
mor e inter action among stude nts , interclass and house de bates were orga nised
by th e Debating Society while the VIMADS
(Victoria Instituti on Mus ical And Drama
Society) venture d into the production of
Shakesp ear ean plays.
On Sept ember 21, 1927, the first step
in the journey of the VI fro m High Stre et
to Petalin g Hill was mad e as the foundation
st one for th e new building was laid. The
old site's proximity to th e Klang River
had made it prone to flooding and therefore not a parti cularl y conducive place for
growing boys. High Com miss ione r, Sir
Hugh Clifford, officially opene d th e new
VI on Petaling Hill on Ma rch 26, 1929.
Standing majesti cally on a hill, it could
be viewed fro m vario us points in Kuala
Lumpur and boasted 16 classrooms. a
larg e hall , common room for masters and
prefects, Scout room , headma ster 's office,
armour y , woodwor king room and scie nce
block. Even Benn ett Eyre Shaw returned
to Kuala Lumpu r at the invitation of old
boys to witness the landmark event.
Fr om 1929 to 1936, a seco nd Shaw took
up th e reign s as headmaster , th is time
a Fr ed erick Lloyd Shaw who had bee n
educated at Christ's Hospit al and was a
graduate of th e Univers ity of London .
Rem emb er ed for inspiring good work and
team spirit among the boys and their
teach ers, one of his mast ers, Freder ick
Daniel, also became known as the man
who introduced scie nce to Malaya. A rare
personality and brillian t e d ucation ist,
Dani els made science an integral part of
eve ry boy's edu cation . For many yea rs
VI was th e only sc hoo l in FMS with
sc ience lab or atori es and app ar atu s for
science lessons.
On 19 Se pte mbe r 1936 an ' unu sua l
ph enom enon occ u r re d in th e school
compound of VI. Th e VIE quot ed the
incid ent as su ch :
"Eart hquakes are rar e experience s in
Malaya, and this one was perh aps the
seve re st that has eve r been reg iste re d in
the country. Th e cade ts who were on
para de state d that th ey felt the earth heave
ben eath th em. One drummer even went
so far as to claim th at his drums tick was
sha ke n out of his hand, bu t th is was
perhaps an adroit adaptation of a passi ng
phen omen on to acco unt for his clums iness
in dropping so essential a part of his
musi cal apparatus. Th e shoc k also caused
the scho ol clock to stop, but as we all
kn ow, th e sc hoo l clock is quite capa ble
of doing this without any assi sta nce from
any earthquake ."
T he Victo ria In sti tution had ma ny
firsts, one of the m bei ng th at it was the
first sch ool in th e Malay States to have
a swimming pool. During th e digging of
th e pool, contractors came upon a human
skull a gr uesome find that did not
exactly co me as a shock becau se it was
a well-known fact tha t the VI had been
built on the site of an old cemetery. The
skull was ext ricated and kept in one of
the laboratories as a specimen for scie nce
lesso ns .
When sc ho ol finished on Friday 5
Decemb er 1941, non e of th e VI students
or their peer s in oth er schools sus pecte d
they would not be returning to th eir desks
for thr ee to four years. Th e Jap anese army
was preparin g to launch its attac k in
Malaya and war broke out just as the
Cambridge School Ce rtificate exami natio ns
were b eginning . Stu de nts we re s till
sc ribbling the last of the ir answe rs whe n
the sound of fighting shatte re d th e stillness
in the examination hall.
"As the Japane se occ upie d town after
town, the schoo l buildings were looted . In
all centres it was the same story of the
looting or bu rnin g of sc hoo l libr aries and
eq uipme nt and of the disappearance of
anyt hing of value, especially furn iture ,
whic h co uld be us ed . Th e J apan es e
complete d the process by tearin g down
doors and windows for fue l for their
kitch en s" stated a pos t-war repor t.
As Eng lish was co nde mned as th e
enemy language, Jap anese or "Nippon -go",
Japanese military songs, folklore and histo ry
were taug ht instead. T he Victoria Institution
itself was used as a Japan ese military
establis h ment because of its strategic
position , high up on Petaling Hill. For thr ee
and a half years, education in Malaya
came to a virtual standstill. Sch ools wer e
used as milita ry barrack s, st or es and
trai ning ce ntres for the Ke mpet ai or
Japanese sec ret police.
September 12 1945 was Victory Day
for Malaya. At an impressive ce remony
in Singapo re, Lord Loui s Mou ntba tten
acce pte d th e form al, un conditi on al
surrende r of all Ja panese forces in Southeas t Asia. It had been decid ed th at a
se parate su rre nde r ceremo ny sho uld take
place in the Malay peni nsula - the venue
was the hall of the Victoria Institution and
the time was to be 2pm on the following
day. The Malay Mail recorded the event
as "the most historic ceremony that has
taken place anywhe re in the Malay States ".
On Se pte mbe r 9 1946, th e VI boys and
their tea ch er s were able to return to the ir
beloved sc hool on the hill, but it was a
sorry sight compa red to its fo rme r
splendour. The library was non-existent as
all its contents had been looted or burnt
and all the trop hies had gone. Even the
school bell was missing and th e eq uipme nt
and mater ials from th e geo gra phy room
had also vanished . Th e veil of war had
been lifted and the Victoria Institution was
officially re-open ed in Octobe r 1946 by th e
Above: A Victoria Institution hockey team
Right: The Rt Honourable Anthony Eden
visited the Victoria Institution in 1949 to
unveil its war memorial and officially
open the library
Below: A 1936 class shot. Pictured from
left are: (first row) Keng Kwee, Rajalu,
Dan iel , Shaw, Ganga , Hung Chin ,
Thambiah, Eng Thye (second row) Kim
Hong, Kandiah , Mun Thong ,
Thuraisingam, P.T. Arasu, Ab . Aziz, Sian
Lok , Woon Kay, Tahir Hashim, Benegal
(third row) Neelakandan, Sockanathan ,
Ab . Rahman , Mahendran, Pow Kin , Kay
Hock, Sivalingam, Rajendra, Chee Wee,
Ratnam , (fourth row) Balas ingam,
Ganapathy, Omar, Appadurai, Lin Chu,
Keshmahinder, Nadarajah, Fook Loy,
Koon Kow, S. T. Arasu
Governo r of the Ma laya n Union, Sir
Edward Gent but so much had been
destroyed that it was to take a long time
before the school would retu rn to near
no rmal.
Th e library in particular took years to
rep leni sh. an d it took an impassioned plea
from the n headm aster Frederi ck Dan iel.
forme r science master, to parent s, friend s
and old boys of the school to boost stocks.
His request bore results, the school obta ining
no fewer tha n 1500 volumes for its new
library shelves, in a bigger room acquired
by redesigning the science block. The
library was officially decla red open by
visiting dignitary, Anthony Eden, a wellknown figure in British history and politics,
in Mar ch 1949.
A year later saw the onslaugh t of a
veritable soc ial revolution, when girls were
MAlAYSIA TATLER APRIL
1996
117
admitted to the VI for the firs t tim e. Yoong
Yan Yoong was the first girl to e nro l in
the post-school certificate arts clas s. TIl e
head mas te r reminded h er that she wo uld
be th e only girl among 900 boys. Sh e had
stammered uncertainly tha t sh e did not
mind. Sh e described her fee ling s in th e
Above: The Sultan of 5elangor lays the
foundation stone of the Victoria
Institution Old Boys Association building.
Looki ng on are architect E.5 . Cooke,
VIOBA president, T Rajendra , and
contractor Yuen Peng Kong
Right: The Welsh headmaster who loved
rug by, G.E.D Lewis , took charge at the VI
from January 1956 to August 1962
Below: The Victoria In stit utio n girls '
hockey team 1951
118
MAlAYSIA TATLER APR IL
1996
Victorian as follows: "I man age to ge t to
th e school library, whe re a h ost of eyes
s tared at me ala rmingly from eve ry
dir ecti on. A g irl was enro lled as a st udent.
Th e ne ws spread like wild fire
Ce rvi n Elidor David Le wis , bette r
k nown as G.E .D . Lewis was a no ther
prin ci pal who stood out as one of the T
g reat characters . Duri ng his "ru le" n
J anua ry 1956 to August 1962 Le
introd uced the hyp eractive game of ru
to VI. His other objective was to in.
air-cond ition ing in th e library. Under . le ade rs hi p, e n rolme n t in VI increase
substa nt ially (girls and boys included)
fa c ilit ie s , classrooms and laborarori
co nt inued to be expanded and upgraded,
In Ju ne 1964, the first Asian headrnas er
was appoin ted at the Victo ria Inst itutioa.
V. Murugasu also happened to be a former
VI pupil who had go ne on to graduate
fro m th e Un ivers ity of Ma laya in Singap ore
and eventually went on to work in the
M in is try of Education, Kuala Lumpur.
During h is five and a half years at the
sc hoo l. he saw it scoring amaz ing results
in bo th publi c exa minations and games
and athl e tics.
By 1975, th e sc hoo l has 1.747 pupils
and 67 teachers . Th e Mini st er for Edu cation
had stated in his addres s to th e sch ool
in April 1974 that th e VI had been chosen
as one of th e sch oo ls in Selangor for the
special pro gramme of th e Min istry whe re by
rural bumipu tr as wo uld b e g ive n the
op por tunity to st udy in le adin g ur ban
sc hoo ls. T h is rancangan khas or spec ial
pr ogramme had started in 1970. By this
time of co urse, the old system of allowing
only the cre me de la creme to enter the
VI had long disappeared .
T h e 1980s saw the inauguration ai
several soc ieties and clubs reflecting new
interests a nd
co ncerns. Two ne
associatio ns re lated to martial arts were
es tab lishe d. as was a Computer Society.
As tro nomy Cl ub, His tory Society an4
Consumer Soci ety.
In 1989 th e VI Museum was founded,
with Sha ik Rizal bin Shaik SuIaima n
its firs t di rector. He re. ea rly volum es
th e Victo rian and VIE Ec ho are car eiu
pr ese rved , whil e an eno rmo us old led er
book co nta ins a su bs ta ntial collectio n
pre ss cuttings cove ring VI eve nts du .
th e po st-194 5 e ra. Pho to g rap hs of \1
personalitie s, past and co nte mpo rary. ace
also on disp lay.
Th e 1990 s witn es s ed th e first lady
principal to be appointe cl at th e sch ool.
Pua n Rob eahtun b in te Haj i Ahm
Darnanhuri , a grad uate of th e Universai
of Malaya . serve d as h eadm istress
two othe r sc hoo ls befo re takin g up tile
VI post. Pua n Robeaht un became \'tTY
mu ch involved in e ve nts mar king the
VI's ce ntenary .
Cur re ntly the man at the helm of \
is Othman Hussein, who has been princijlilo.
since November 16, 1995. Formerly . .
ad m inis tration a nd service officer wi t
the education department, Hu ss ein due to leave the school in Oct ober
when he fina lly retires. His success or
likely to be Haji Shamsuddin, wh o
c urre ntly at th e secondary sch ool
Padang Te rnbak . According to Othman.
st ill r e tain s the old-world charm a
pr e stig e it has en joye d since it first open '
mor e tha n 100 yea rs ago.
EX-PUPIL
Bottom row (from left): David Tan, as he was
known at VI, is known these days as Tan Sri Dr
Tan Chee Khoon, consultant adviser at Sentosa
Medical C,:ntre;' Datuk Alex Lee,'.former Deputy
Minister for National UnitY and Social
Development, now runs D&C Bank and Malaysia's
Olympic Council; millionaire businessman T
Ananda Krishnan chairs Seri Kuda, the force
behind Usaha Tegas and Kuala Lumpur City Centre
project; ,General Tan Sri Hashim Ali"following a
high-flying career in the armed forces, is currently
chairman of Commonwealth Games and Sukom
'98; David Dzulkifli, a senior manager with Esso
Malaysia; Datuk Seri Rafidah Aziz, Minister of
International Trade and Industry and one of
Malaysia's leading women; Krishen Jit,
distinguished theatre critic; Ong Yoke Lin, a former
minister in the first Malayan cabinet, better known
today as Tun Omar Ong Yoke Lin.
Se~ond row (from left): DatuK Francis Yeoh Sock
Ping, managing director of YTL Corporation;
Andrew Abishega , entrepreneur, company
lT1
director and lawyer; Tun Ismail Ali, barrister and
former Bank Negara governor, now chief of
Permodalan Nasional Bhd; Tan Sri Abdul Rahim,
Inspector-General of Police and president of the
F M ERIT
Police Football Association; Dr Ristina Majid,
dentist and charity supporter; Tan Sri Chong Hon
Nyan has held several ministerial positions in the
Malaysian governm~nt including that of Transport
Minister; Tan Sri Gu'im Chit Tuan, barrister,
chairman of special commissioners of income tax
and a Supreme Court judge; Mahadzir Lokman,
former news anchorman, now runs PR firm, Dale
Lokman Associates.
Third row (from left): Datuk Tan Chin Nam,
chairman of one of Malaysia's leading property
development companies; Datuk Jaffar Indot,
sociable corporate figure and chairman of Tai Wah
Garments; Tan Sri Zain Azraai, prominent
entrepreneur and patron of the arts; the present
King of Brunei, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, a VI
student during Lewis's tenure as headmaster;
Datuk Dr R S McCoy, president of Malaysian
Medical Association (MMA); VN Gnanathurai;
Wan Zaleha Radzi, former TV3news woman, now
Malaysian representative of Sea Games
Equestrian.
Fourth row (from left): Datuk Kok Wee Kiat,
lawyer and f6rmer politici~n; Tan Sri Ramon '
Navaratnam, executive director of Bank Buruh.
M AlA YSIA T ATLER APRIL
1996
119